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Hill, TP (1995). A Statistical Derivation of the Significant-Digit Law. Statistical Science 10(4), pp. 354-363.

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Akkas, ME (2007). Denetimde Benford Kanununun Uygulanmasi (Application of Benford's Law in Audit). Gazi Universitesi Iktisadi ve Idari Bilimler Fakultesi Dergisi, vol.9, no.1, pp. 191-206. TUR View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Alali, FA and Romero, S (2013). Benford’s Law: Analyzing a decade of financial data. Journal of Emerging Technologies in Accounting Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 1-39. DOI:10.2308/jeta-50749. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Albrecht, CC (2008). Fraud and forensic accounting in a digital environment. White Paper for The Institute for Fraud Prevention, Brigham Young University. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Aldous, D and Phan, T (2009). When Can One Test an Explanation? Compare and Contrast Benford's Law and the Fuzzy CLT. Class project report, Statistics Department, UC Berkeley. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Aldous, D and Phan, T (2010). When Can One Test an Explanation? Compare and Contrast Benford's Law and the Fuzzy CLT. The American Statistician 64(3), pp. 221–227. ISSN/ISBN:0003-1305. DOI:10.1198/tast.2010.09098. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Alexander, J (2009). Remarks on the use of Benford's law. Social Science Research Network (November 13, 2009). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1505147 or . DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1505147. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Anderson, TC, Rolen, L and Stoehr, R (2011). Benford's Law for Coefficients of Modular Forms and Partition Functions. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 139, No. 5, May 2011, pp. 1533-1541. ISSN/ISBN:0002-9939. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Arshadi, L and Jahangir, AH (2014). Benford's law behavior of Internet traffic. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, Volume 40, April 2014, pp. 194–205. ISSN/ISBN:1084-8045. DOI:10.1016/j.jnca.2013.09.007. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Aschwanden, D and Diekmann, A (2011). Analyse der Schweizer Nationalratswahlen von 2007 mit dem Benford’schen Gesetz. Gruppenarbeit an der ETH Zürich, betreut von Prof. Andreas Diekmann. GER View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Bailly, N (2006). Prominence trend in maximum lengths recorded for fishes: a preliminary analysis. pp 12-17 in: Palomares, MLD, Stergiou, KI, and Pauly, D (eds.), Fishes in databases and ecosystems. Proceedings of the 2006 FishBase Symposium. Fisheries Centre Research Reports, 2006, Vol. 14, No. 4. ISSN/ISBN:1198-6727. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Baiocchi, G (2004). Using Perl for Statistics: Data Processing and Statistical Computing. Journal of Statistical Software, 2004 , Vol. 11, Issue 1. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Balanzario, EP (2012). Benford’s law for mixtures. Preprint. View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Barabesi, L, Cerasa, A, Cerioli, A and Perrotta, D (2016). Goodness-of-fit testing for the Newcomb-Benford law with application to the detection of customs fraud. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, accepted for publication. DOI:10.1080/07350015.2016.1172014. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Becker, T, Corcoran, TC, Greaves-Tunnell, A, Iafrate, JR, Jing, J, Miller, SJ, Porfilio, JD, Ronan, R, Samranvedhya, J and Strauch, FW (2013). Benford's Law and Continuous Dependent Random Variables. eprint arXiv:1309.5603, last revised 27 Dec 2013. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A (2005). Benford’s Law in power-like dynamical systems. Stoch. Dyn. 5, 587-607. ISSN/ISBN:0219-4937. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A (2005). Multi-dimensional dynamical systems and Benford's law. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems 13(1), 219-237. ISSN/ISBN:1078-0947. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A (2011). Some dynamical properties of Benford sequences. Journal of Difference Equations and Applications 17(2), 137-159. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A, Bunimovich, LA and Hill, TP (2005). One-dimensional dynamical systems and Benford's law. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 357(1), 197-219. ISSN/ISBN:0002-9947. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Eshun, G (2014). Benford solutions of linear difference equations. Theory and Applications of Difference Equations and Discrete Dynamical Systems, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics Volume 102, pp. 23-60. ISSN/ISBN:978-3-662-44139-8. DOI:10.1007/978-3-662-44140-4_2. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Hill, TP (2007). Newton’s method obeys Benford’s law. American Mathematical Monthly 114 (7), 588-601. ISSN/ISBN:0002-9890. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Hill, TP (2010). Fundamental Flaws in Feller’s Classical Derivation of Benford’s Law. University of Alberta preprint; posted on math arXiv 14May 2010. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Hill, TP (2011). Benford's Law Strikes Back: No Simple Explanation in Sight for Mathematical Gem. The Mathematical Intelligencer 33(1), 85-91. DOI:10.1007/ s00283-010-9182-3. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Hill, TP (2011). A basic theory of Benford's Law . Probability Surveys 8, pp. 1-126. DOI:10.1214/11-PS175. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Hill, TP (2015). An Introduction to Benford's Law. Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ. ISSN/ISBN:9780691163062. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A, Hill, TP, Kaynar, B and Ridder, A (2011). Finite-state Markov Chains Obey Benford's Law. SIAM Journal of Matrix Analysis and Applications 32(3), 665-684. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A, Hill, TP and Morrison, KE (2008). Scale-Distortion Inequalities for Mantissas of Finite Data Sets. Journal of Theoretical Probability 21(1), 97-117. ISSN/ISBN:0894-9840. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Siegmund, S (2007). On the distribution of mantissae in nonautonomous difference equations. Journal of Difference Equations and Applications 13(8-9), 829-845. ISSN/ISBN:1023-6198. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Block, HW and Savits, TH (2010). A General Example for Benford Data. The American Statistician 64(4), 335-339. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Bonache, A, Moris, K and Maurice, J (2009). Risque associé à l'utilisation de la loi de Benford pour détecter les fraudes dans le secteur de la mode. Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA) Paper No. 15352, posted 26 May 2009. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bonache, AB, Moris, K and Maurice, J (2010). Détection de fraudes et loi de Benford: Quelques risques associés. Revue Française de Comptabilité n°431, 24-27. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Bormashenko, E, Shulzinger, E, Whyman, G and Bormashenko, Y (2016). Benford’s law, its applicability and breakdown in the IR spectra of polymers. Physica A 444, pp. 524–529. DOI:10.1016/j.physa.2015.10.090. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bradley, JR and Farnsworth, DL (2009). What is Benford's Law?. Teaching Statistics 31(1), 2-6. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Bradley, JR and Farnsworth, DL (2009). Beispiele und Schüleraktivitäten zum BENFORD-Gesetz. Stochastik in der Schule (SiS) 29, 28-32 . ISSN/ISBN:1614-0443. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
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Brähler, G, Bensmann, M and Jakobi, HR (2011). Das Benfordsche Gesetz und seine Anwendbarkeit bei der digitalen Prüfung von Fahrtenbüchern. Ilmenauer Schriften zur Betriebswirtschaftslehre 3/2011. ISSN/ISBN:978-3-940882-28-8. GER View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Breunig, C and Goerres, A (2011). Searching for Electoral Irregularities in an Established Democracy: Applying Benford’s Law Tests to Bundestag Elections in Unified Germany. Electoral Studies 30(3) September 2011, pp. 534-545. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Brown, RJC (2005). Benford's Law and the screening of analytical data: the case of pollutant concentrations in ambient air. Analyst 130(9), 1280-1285. ISSN/ISBN:0002-2654. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Buyse, M, George, SL, Evans, S, Geller, NL, Edler, L and Hutton, J (1999). The Role of Biostatistics in the Prevention, Detection and Treatment of Fraud in Clinical Trials. Statistics in Medicine 18 (24), 3435-3451. ISSN/ISBN:0277-6715. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Cáceres, JLH, García, JLP and et al. (2008). First digit distribution in some biological data sets. Possible explanations for departures from Benford's Law. Electronic J Biomed 1, 27-35. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Caldwell, CC (2008). Does Benford's law apply to prime numbers?. The Prime Pages. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Campos, L, Salvo, AE and Flores-Moya, A (2016). Natural taxonomic categories of angiosperms obey Benford's law, but artificial ones do not. Systematics and Biodiversity, in press. ISSN/ISBN:1477-2000 (Print)/ 1. DOI:10.1080/14772000.2016.1181683. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
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Cantu, F and Saiegh, SM (2011). Fraudulent Democracy? An Analysis of Argentina’s Infamous Decade Using Supervised Machine Learning. Political Analysis (Autumn 2011) 19 (4): 409-433; doi:10.1093/pan/mpr033. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Chiverton, J and Wells, K (2006). Mixture effects in FIR low-pass filtered signals. IEEE Signal Processing Letters 13(6), 369-372. ISSN/ISBN:1070-9908. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Cho, MJ, Eltinge, JL and Swanson, D (2003). Inferential methods to identify possible interviewer fraud using leading digit preference patterns and design effect matrices. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Cho, WKT and Gaines, BJ (2007). Breaking the (Benford) law: Statistical fraud detection in campaign finance. American Statistician 61(3), 218-223. ISSN/ISBN:0003-1305. DOI:10.1198/000313007X223496. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Chou, MC, Kong, Q, Teo, CP, Wang, Z and Zheng, H (2009). Benford's Law and Number Selection in Fixed-Odds Numbers Game. Journal of Gambling Studies 25(4), pp. 503-521. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Ciofalo, M (2009). Entropy, Benford’s first digit law, and the distribution of everything. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Nucleare, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Clippe, P and Ausloos, M (2012). Benford's law and Theil transform of financial data. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2012, Vol. 391, No. 24, 6556–6567. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Corazza, M, Ellero, A and Zorzi, A (2008). What sequences obey Benford's law?. Working Paper n. 185/2008, November 2008, Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Venice. ISSN/ISBN:1828-6887. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Corazza, M, Ellero, A and Zorzi, A (2010). Checking financial markets via Benford's law: the S&P 500 case. pp 93-102 in: Corazza, M and Pizzi, C (Eds.): Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance, Springer. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Costa, J, dos Santos, J and Travassos, S (2012). An Analysis of Federal Entities’ Compliance with Public Spending: Applying the Newcomb-Benford Law to the 1st and 2nd Digits of Spending in Two Brazilian States*. R. Cont. Fin. – USP, São Paulo, v. 23, n. 60, pp. 187-198. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Cournane, S, Sheehy, N and Cooke, J (2014). The novel application of Benford's second order analysis for monitoring radiation output in interventional radiology. Physica Medica 30(4), pp. 413–418. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmp.2013.11.004. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Cuff, V , Lewis, A and Miller, SJ (2009). The Weibull distribution and Benford’s law. Preprint. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Cymrot, R, da Rocha, FR and Ferreira, DS (2012). Análise dos Dígitos Industriais Baseada na Lei de Benford e sua Aplicação Utilizando Rotinas Computacionais. Revista Mackenzie de Engenharia e Computaco, vol.12, number 1. POR View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
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Del Acebo, E and Sbert, M (2005). Benford's Law for Natural and Synthetic Images. Proc. of the First Workshop on Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization and Imaging, L. Neumann, M. Sbert, B. Gooch, and W. Purgathofer, Eds., Girona, Spain, May 2005, pp. 169–176. ISSN/ISBN:1816-0859. DOI:10.2312/COMPAESTH/COMPAESTH05/169-176. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Diekmann, A (2012). Making Use of ‘‘Benford’s Law’’ for the Randomized Response Technique. Sociological Methods and Research 41(2):325-334. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Diniz, JA, dos Santos, J, Dieng, M and Diniz, MAA (2006). Comprovação de Eficácia da Aplicação de Modelos Contabilométricos no Campo daAuditoria Digital das Contas Públicas Municipais: caso de um Tribunal de Contas de um estado brasileiro. Proceedings of 6th Congresso USP de Controladoria e Contabilidade. POR View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Docampo, S, del Mar Trigo, M, Aira, M, Cabezudo, B and Flores-Moya, A (2009). Benford’s law applied to aerobiological data and its potential as a quality control tool . Aerobiologia 25, 275-283 . ISSN/ISBN:0393-5965. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Dorrestijn, J (2008). Graphing conformity of distributions to Benford’s Law for various bases. MSc thesis, Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
dos Santos, J, Tenório, JNB and Silva, LGC (2003). Uma aplicação da Teoria das probabilidades na contabilometria: A Lei de Newcomb-Benford como medida para análise de dados no campo da auditoria contábil. Contabilidade, Gestão e Governança, 6(1), pp. 35-54. POR View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references Works that reference this work
dos Santos, J, Diniz, JA and Corrar, LJ (2005). The focus is the sampling theory in the fields of traditional accounting audit and digital audit: testing the Newcomb-Benford Law for the first digit of in public accounts. Brazilian Business Review 2(1), pp. 69-86. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
dos Santos, J, Diniz, JA and Ribeiro Filho, JF (2003). A Lei de Newcomb- Benford: uma aplicação para determinar o DNA-equivalente das despesas no setor público. Proceedings of 3rd Congresso usp de controladoria e contrabilidade congresso, Brazil. POR View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Dumas, CF and Devine, JH (2000). Detecting Evidence of Non-Compliance in Self- Reported Pollution Emissions Data: An Application of Benford’s Law. Selected Paper, American Agricultural Economics Association, Annual meeting. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Gauvrit, N and Delahaye, J-P (2008). Pourquoi la loi de Benford n’est pas mystérieuse - A new general explanation of Benford’s law. Mathematiques et sciences humaines/ Mathematics and social sciences, 182(2), 7-15. ISSN/ISBN:0987-6936. FRE View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Gauvrit, N and Delahaye, J-P (2009). Scatter and regularity imply Benford's Law ... and more. arXiv preprint -http://arxiv.org/pdf/0910.1359.pdf. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Gauvrit, N and Delahaye, J-P (2011). Scatter and Regularity Implies Benford's Law... and More. in H. Zenil (Ed.) Randomness Through Complexity, Singapore, World Scientific, 53-69. ISSN/ISBN:13978-981-4327-74-9. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Gauvrit, N and Delahaye, JP (2008). Pourquoi la loi de Benford n’est pas mysterieuse. Mathematiques et sciences humaines, Vol. 46, no 2, pp. 7–15. FRE View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
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Geyer, A and Martì, J (2012). Applying Benford’s law to volcanology. Geology 40(4), pp. 327-330. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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