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Varian, HR (1972). Benford’s law. The American Statistician 26(3), 65-66.

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Abrantes-Metz, RM and Bajari, P (2009). Screens for Conspiracies and Their Multiple Applications. Antitrust 24(1), pp. 66-71. ISSN/ISBN:2162-996X. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Abrantes-Metz, RM, Villas-Boas, SB and Judge, G (2011). Tracking the Libor rate. Applied Economics Letters 18(10), pp. 893-899. ISSN/ISBN:1466-4291. DOI:10.1080/13504851.2010.515197. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Akkas, ME (2007). Denetimde Benford Kanununun Uygulanmasi (Application of Benford's Law in Audit). Gazi Universitesi Iktisadi ve Idari Bilimler Fakultesi Dergisi, vol.9, no.1, pp. 191-206. TUR View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Alexander, J (2009). Remarks on the use of Benford's law. Social Science Research Network (November 13, 2009). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1505147 or . DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1505147. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Allaart, PC (1997). An invariant-sum characterization of Benford's law. Journal of Applied Probability 34(1), pp. 288-291. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Berger, A and Hill, TP (2015). An Introduction to Benford's Law. Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ. ISSN/ISBN:9780691163062. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bonache, A, Moris, K and Maurice, J (2009). Risque associé ŕ l'utilisation de la loi de Benford pour détecter les fraudes dans le secteur de la mode. Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA) Paper No. 15352, posted 26 May 2009. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Bonache, AB, Moris, K and Maurice, J (2010). Détection de fraudes et loi de Benford: Quelques risques associés. Revue Française de Comptabilité n°431, 24-27. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Busta, B and Weinberg, R (1998). Using Benford’s law and neural networks as a review procedure. Managerial Auditing Journal 13(6), 356-366. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Cantu, F and Saiegh, SM (2011). Fraudulent Democracy? An Analysis of Argentina’s Infamous Decade Using Supervised Machine Learning. Political Analysis (Autumn 2011) 19 (4): 409-433; doi:10.1093/pan/mpr033. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Carrera, C (2015). Tracking exchange rate management in Latin America. Review of Financial Economics, Available online 13 March 2015 . ISSN/ISBN:1058-3300. DOI:10.1016/j.rfe.2015.02.004. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Chou, MC, Kong, Q, Teo, CP, Wang, Z and Zheng, H (2009). Benford's Law and Number Selection in Fixed-Odds Numbers Game. Journal of Gambling Studies 25(4), pp. 503-521. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
De Marchi, S and Hamilton, JT (2006). Assessing the accuracy of self-reported data: An evaluation of the toxics release inventory. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 32(1), 57-76. ISSN/ISBN:0895-5646. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Del Acebo, E and Sbert, M (2005). Benford's Law for Natural and Synthetic Images. Proc. of the First Workshop on Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization and Imaging, L. Neumann, M. Sbert, B. Gooch, and W. Purgathofer, Eds., Girona, Spain, May 2005, pp. 169–176. ISSN/ISBN:1816-0859. DOI:10.2312/COMPAESTH/COMPAESTH05/169-176. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Dumas, CF and Devine, JH (2000). Detecting Evidence of Non-Compliance in Self- Reported Pollution Emissions Data: An Application of Benford’s Law. Selected Paper, American Agricultural Economics Association, Annual meeting. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Durtschi, C, Hillison, W and Pacini, C (2004). The effective use of Benford’s law to assist in detecting fraud in accounting data. Journal of Forensic Accounting 1524-5586/Vol. V, 17-34. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
El Sehity, T, Hoelzl, E and Kirchler, E (2005). Price developments after a nominal shock: Benford's Law and psychological pricing after the euro introduction. International Journal of Research in Marketing 22(4), 471-480. ISSN/ISBN:0167-8116. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Eliazar, II (2013). Benford's Law: A Poisson Perspective. Physica A 392(16) pp. 3360–3373. DOI:10.1016/j.physa.2013.03.057. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Ferreira, MJM (2013). Lei de Benford e detecçăo de fraude contabilística – Aplicaçăo ŕ indústria transformadora em Portugal. TRABALHO FINAL DE MESTRADO, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestăo, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. POR View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Gava, AM and Vitiello, L (2014). Inflation, Quarterly Balance Sheets and the Possibility of Fraud: Benford's Law and the Brazilian case. Journal of Accounting, Business & Management Vol. 21 Issue 1, pp. 43-52. ISSN/ISBN:0216-423X. View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Gava, AM and Vitiello, LRdS (2007). Inflation, Quarterly Financial Statements and Fraud: Benford’s Law and the Brazilian Case.. XXXI Encontro da ANPAD, Rio de Janeiro, Sep 22-26, 2007. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Göb, R (2007). Data Conformance Testing by Digital Analysis–A Critical Review and an Approach to More Appropriate Testing. Quality Engineering 19 (4), 281-297. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Göb, R (2007). Data Conformance Testing by Digital Analysis - A Critical Review and an Approach to More Appropriate Testing. Quality Engineering Volume 19(4), 281-297 (2007), doi:10.1080/08982110701633721. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Gonzalez-Garcia, J and Pastor, G (2009). Benford’s Law and Macroeconomic Data Quality. International Monetary Fund Working Paper WP/09/10, Statistics Department, January 2009. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Grandison, S and Morris, RJ (2008). Biological pathway kinetic rate constants are scale-invariant. Bioinformatics 24(6), 741-743. ISSN/ISBN:1367-4803. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Grendar, M, Judge, G and Schechter, L (2007). An empirical non-parametric likelihood family of data-based Benford-like distributions. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 380, 429-438. ISSN/ISBN:0378-4371. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Günnel, S and Tödter, K-H (2009). Does Benford's law hold in economic research and forecasting?. Empirica 36, 273-292. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Haigh, J (2003). Benford's Law. pp. 283-286 in: Taking Chances: Winning with Probability, Oxford University Press. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Hein, J, Zobrist, R, Konrad, C and Schuepfer, G (2012). Scientific fraud in 20 falsified anesthesia papers : detection using financial auditing methods. Der Anaesthesist 61(6), pp. 543-9. DOI:10.1007/s00101-012-2029-x. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Hill, TP (1995). A Statistical Derivation of the Significant-Digit Law. Statistical Science 10(4), pp. 354-363. ISSN/ISBN:0883-4237. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Hill, TP (1995). The Significant-Digit Phenomenon. American Mathematical Monthly 102(4), pp. 322-327. DOI:10.2307/2974952. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Holz, C (2013). The Quality of China's GDP Statistics. Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper No. 51864; available online at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/51864/; last accessed June 23, 2014. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Iudica, F (2012). Benford’s Law: Mathematical Properties and Forensic Accounting Applications. Master’s Thesis, Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy, 2012. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Jamain, A (2001). Benford’s Law. Master Thesis. Imperial College of London and ENSIMAG. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Johnson, GG (2005). Financial Sleuthing Using Benford's Law to Analyze Quarterly Data with Various Industry Profiles. Journal of Forensic Accounting 6(2), pp. 293-316. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Judge, G and Schechter, L (2009). Detecting problems in survey data using Benford’s law. J. Human Resources 44, pp. 1-24. DOI:10.3368/jhr.44.1.1. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Karavardar, A (2014). Benford’s Law and an Analysis in Istanbul Stock Exchange (BIST). International Journal of Business and Management, 9(4), pp. 160-172. DOI:10.5539/ijbm.v9n4p160. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Kim, S (2012). Benford’s law in non-equilibrium processes: Droplet collisions case. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Vol. 391, No. 20, pp. 4970–4975. DOI:10.1016/j.physa.2012.05.043. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Kossovsky, AE (2014). Benford's Law: Theory, the General Law of Relative Quantities, and Forensic Fraud Detection Applications. World Scientific Publishing Company: Singapore. ISSN/ISBN:978-981-4583-68-8. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Lee, J and Judge, GC (2008). Identifying falsified clinical data. CUDARE working paper 1073, University of California, Berkeley. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Lolbert, T (2006). Digital Analysis: Theory and Applications in Auditing. Hungarian Statistical Review 84, Special number 10, p. 148. ISSN/ISBN:0039 0690. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Lolbert, T (2007). Statisztikai eljárások alkalmazása az ellenőrzésben (Applications of statistical methods in monitoring). PhD thesis, Corvinus University, Budapest, Hungary. HUN View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Mansilla, R (2006). Análisis de los resultados electorales a partir de la Ley de Benford. preprint UNAM. SPA View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Martín, AB (2003). Sistematización del proceso de depuración de los datos en estudios con seguimientos. PhD Thesis, Universitat Autňnoma de Barcelona, Spain. SPA View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references No Bibliography works reference this work
Michalski, T and Stoltz, G (2013). Do Countries Falsify Economic Data Strategically? Some Evidence That They Might. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 591-616. DOI:10.1162/REST_a_00274. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Miller, SJ (ed.) (2015). Benford's Law: Theory and Applications. Princeton University Press: Princeton and Oxford. ISSN/ISBN:978-0-691-14761-1. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Mir, TA (2012). The leading digit distribution of the worldwide illicit financial flows. arXiv:1201.3432. DOI:10.1007/s11135-014-0147-z. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Mir, TA, Ausloos, M and Cerqueti, R (2014). Benford’s law predicted digit distribution of aggregated income taxes: the surprising conformity of Italian cities and regions. Eur. Phys. J. B (2014) 87: 261. ISSN/ISBN:1434-6028. DOI:10.1140/epjb/e2014-50525-2. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (1992). The Detection of Income Tax Evasion Through an Analysis of Digital Frequencies. PhD thesis, University of Cincinnati, OH, USA. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (1996). Digital Analysis and the Reduction of Auditor Litigation Risk. Proceedings of the 1996 Deloitte & Touche / University of Kansas Symposium on Auditing Problems, ed. M. Ettredge, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, pp. 69-81. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ (2011). Forensic Analytics: Methods and Techniques for Forensic Accounting Investigations. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey. ISSN/ISBN:978-0-470-89046-2. View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nigrini, MJ and Mittermaier, LJ (1997). The use of Benford's Law as an aid in analytical procedures. Auditing - A Journal of Practice & Theory 16(2), 52-67. ISSN/ISBN:0278-0380. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Nye, J and Moul, C (2007). The Political Economy of Numbers: On the Application of Benford's Law to International Macroeconomic Statistics. The BE Journal of Macroeconomics 7(1). View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Orita, M, Moritomo, A, Niimi, T and Ohno, K (2010). Use of Benford's law in drug discovery data. Drug Discovery Today, Vol. 15, Nos. 9–10, pp. 328–331. ISSN/ISBN:1359-6446. DOI:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.03.003. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Özer, G and Babacan, B (2013). Benford's Law and Digital Analysis: Application on Turkish Banking Sector. Business & Economics Research Journal Vol. 4 Issue 1, pp. 29-41. ISSN/ISBN:1309-2448. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Posch, PN (2010). Ziffernanalyse. VEW Verlag Europäische Wirtschaft: Munich 2nd edition. GER View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Quick, R and Wolz, M (2005). Benford’s law in German financial statements. Finance India, 19 (4), 1285-1302. ISSN/ISBN:09703772. View Complete Reference No online information available Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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Rodriguez, RJ (2004). First Significant Digit Patterns from Mixtures of Uniform Distributions. American Statistician 58(1), 64-71. ISSN/ISBN:0003-1305. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Rodriguez, RJ (2004). Reducing False Alarms in the Detection of Human Influence on Data. Journal of Accounting, Auditing & Finance 19(2), 141-158. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
Sanches, J and Marques, JS (2006). Image reconstruction using the Benford law. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Atlanta, GA, October 2006, pp. 2029-2032. ISSN/ISBN:1522-4880. DOI:10.1109/ICIP.2006.312845. View Complete Reference Online information Works that this work references Works that reference this work
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