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Medzihorsky, J (2015)

Election Fraud: A Latent Class Framework for Digit-Based Tests

Political Analysis 23(4), pp. 506-517.

ISSN/ISBN: Not available at this time. DOI: 10.1093/pan/mpv021

Abstract: Digit-based election forensics (DBEF) typically relies on null hypothesis significance testing, with undesirable effects on substantive conclusions. This article proposes an alternative free of this problem. It rests on decomposing the observed numeral distribution into the “no fraud” and “fraud” latent classes, by finding the smallest fraction of numerals that needs to be either removed or reallocated to achieve a perfect fit of the “no fraud” model. The size of this fraction can be interpreted as a measure of fraudulence. Both alternatives are special cases of measures of model fit—the $\pi^{*}$ mixture index of fit and the $\Delta$ dissimilarity index, respectively. Furthermore, independently of the latent class framework, the distributional assumptions of DBEF can be relaxed in some contexts. Independently or jointly, the latent class framework and the relaxed distributional assumptions allow us to dissect the observed distributions using models more flexible than those of existing DBEF. Reanalysis of Beber and Scacco’s (2012) data shows that the approach can lead to new substantive conclusions.

@article{medzihorsky2015election, title={Election fraud: A latent class framework for digit-based tests}, author={Medzihorsky, Juraj}, journal={Political Analysis}, volume={23}, number={4}, pages={506--517}, year={2015}, publisher={Cambridge University Press} }

Reference Type: Journal Article

Subject Area(s): Voting Fraud